Bailey Brown (June 16, 1917 – October 6, 2004) was a United States federal judge.
Born in Memphis, Tennessee, Brown received an A.B. from the University of Michigan in 1939, and an LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1942. He was a Lieutenant in the United States Navy during World War II, from 1942 to 1946. He was in private practice in Memphis, Tennessee from 1946 to 1961.
On August 7, 1961, Brown was nominated by President John F. Kennedy to a new seat on the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee created by 75 Stat. 80. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on August 21, 1961, and received his commission the same day. He served as chief judge from 1966 to 1979. On March 15, 1979, Brown was nominated by President Jimmy Carter for elevation to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit vacated by Harry Phillips. Brown was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 25, 1979, and received his commission the following day. He assumed senior status on June 16, 1982, serving in that capacity until his retirement, on December 31, 1997.
He died in Memphis, Tennessee.