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Brooks Atkinson: American critic (1894 - 1984) | Biography
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Brooks Atkinson
American critic

Brooks Atkinson

Brooks Atkinson
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro American critic
A.K.A. Justin Brooks Atkinson
Was Author Journalist
From United States of America
Field Journalism Literature
Gender male
Birth 28 November 1894, Massachusetts, USA
Death 14 January 1984, Huntsville, USA (aged 89 years)
Star sign Sagittarius
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Justin Brooks Atkinson (November 28, 1894 – January 14, 1984) was an American theatre critic. He worked for The New York Times from 1922 to 1960. In his obituary, the Times called him "the theater's most influential reviewer of his time." Atkinson became a Times theater critic in the 1920s and his reviews became very influential. He insisted on leaving the drama desk during World War II to report on the war, he received the Pulitzer Prize in 1947 for his work as the Moscow correspondent for the Times. He returned to the theater beat in the late 1940s, until his retirement in 1960.

Biography

Atkinson in the drama department of The New York Times (September 1942)

Atkinson was born in Melrose, Massachusetts to Jonathan H. Atkinson, a salesman statistician and Garafelia Taylor. As a boy, he printed his own newspaper (using movable type), and planned a career in journalism. He attended Harvard University, where he began writing for the Boston Herald. He graduated from Harvard in 1917, and worked at the Springfield Daily News and the Boston Evening Transcript, where he was assistant to the drama critic. In 1922, he became the editor of the New York Times Book Review, and in 1925 the drama critic. Atkinson married Oriana MacIlveen, a writer, in August 1926.

On the drama desk, Atkinson quickly became known for his commitment to new kinds of theater—he was one of the first critical admirers of Eugene O'Neill—for his interest in all kinds of drama, including off-Broadway productions. In 1928, he said of the new play The Front Page, "No one who has ground his heels in the grime of a police headquarters press room will complain that this argot misrepresents the gentlemen of the press." In 1932 Atkinson dropped the J. from his bi-line and embraced the witty, direct writing style that became his hallmark.

His reviews were reputed to have the power to make or break a new stage production: for example, his panning in 1940 of Lawrence Riley's Return Engagement led to that comedy's closure after only eight performances, this despite the fact that Riley's previous comedy, Personal Appearance, had lasted for over 500 performances on Broadway. Atkinson, who was dubbed "the conscience of the theater," was not comfortable with the influence he wielded over the Broadway box office.

After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, Atkinson attempted to enlist in the Navy, but was refused. He requested a reassignment to war coverage, and The New York Times sent him to the front lines as a war correspondent in China, where he covered the second Sino-Japanese war until 1945. While in China, he visited Mao Tse-Tung in Yenan and was captivated by Mao, writing favorably on the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) movement, and against the Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek, which he saw as reactionary and corrupt. After visiting Yenan, he wrote that the CCP political system was best described as an "agrarian or peasant democracy, or as a farm labor party." Atkinson viewed the Chinese Communist Party as Communist in name only and more democratic than totalitarian; the Times effusively titled his article Yenan, a Chinese Wonderland City.

After the end of the war, Atkinson stayed only briefly in New York before being sent to Moscow as a press correspondent; his work as the Moscow correspondent for the Times earned him a Pulitzer Prize for Correspondence in 1947.

After returning from the Soviet Union, Atkinson was reassigned to the drama desk, where he remained until his retirement in 1960. He is given much credit for the growth of Off-Broadway into a major theatrical force in the 1950s, and has been cited by many influential people in the theatre as crucial to their careers. David Merrick's infamous spoof ad for Subways Are For Sleeping—in which he hired seven ordinary New Yorkers who had the same names as prominent drama critics to praise his musical—had to wait for Atkinson's retirement, because Merrick could not find anyone with the right name. There was only one Brooks Atkinson in New York City.

Atkinson was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1960. He came briefly out of retirement in 1965 to write a favorable review of Man of La Mancha; his review was printed on the first page of the show's original souvenir program. After his retirement, he became a member of The Players who organized a tribute dinner for Atkinson's 80th birthday which was attended by Arthur Miller, Elia Kazan, and other prominent actors and playwrights.

He died on January 14, 1984 at Crestwood Hospital in Huntsville, Alabama. Atkinson had moved to Huntsville from his farm in Durham, New York in 1981 to be closer to his family.

Publications

Legacy

In 1960, the Mansfield Theatre in New York was renamed Brooks Atkinson Theatre in his honor.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 24 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Who was Brooks Atkinson?
A: Brooks Atkinson was an American journalist, theater critic, and author. He was the theater critic for The New York Times for over 30 years, from 1925 to 1960.
Q: What is Brooks Atkinson known for?
A: Brooks Atkinson is primarily known for his work as a theater critic for The New York Times. His insightful and influential reviews helped shape the American theater scene. He was also a prolific writer, authoring several books on theater and drama.
Q: When did Brooks Atkinson work for The New York Times?
A: Brooks Atkinson worked for The New York Times from 1922 until his retirement in 1960. For most of his career, from 1925 onwards, he served as the newspaper's chief theater critic.
Q: Did Brooks Atkinson receive any awards for his work?
A: Yes, Brooks Atkinson received several awards for his contributions to theater criticism. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Criticism in 1947 for his collection of reviews titled "This Bright Land." He also received the Antoinette Perry Award for Distinguished Achievement in the Theater (currently known as the Tony Award) in 1956.
Q: What is one of Brooks Atkinson's notable works?
A: One of Brooks Atkinson's notable works is his book titled "Broadway," which was published in 1970. In this book, Atkinson provides a comprehensive history of the Broadway theater scene, covering its development, key figures, and significant productions. It is considered a valuable resource for theater enthusiasts and historians.
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References
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Sections Brooks Atkinson

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