Charles Dickens, Jr.: Son of Victorian-era novelist Charles Dickens (1837 - 1896) | Biography, Facts, Information, Career, Wiki, Life
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Charles Dickens, Jr.
Son of Victorian-era novelist Charles Dickens

Charles Dickens, Jr.

Charles Dickens, Jr.
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Son of Victorian-era novelist Charles Dickens
Was Writer
Field Literature
Gender male
Birth 6 January 1837
Death 20 June 1896 (aged 59 years)
Mother: Catherine Dickens
Father: Charles Dickens
Siblings: Walter Landor DickensFrancis DickensAlfred D'Orsay Tennyson DickensSydney Smith Haldimand DickensHenry Fielding DickensEdward DickensMary DickensKate PeruginiDora Annie Dickens
Children: Mary Angela Dickens
The details (from wikipedia)


Charles Culliford Boz Dickens (6 January 1837 – 20 July 1896) was the first child of the English novelist Charles Dickens and his wife Catherine. A failed businessman, he became the editor of his father's magazine All the Year Round, and a successful writer of dictionaries. He is now most remembered for his two 1879 books Dickens's Dictionary of London and Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames.

Life and career

Charles Dickens was born at Furnival's Inn in Holborn, London, the first child of Charles Dickens and his then-wife Catherine Hogarth. He was called 'Charley' by family and friends. In 1847, aged 10, he entered the junior department of King's College, London. He went to Eton College, and visited Leipzig in 1853 to study German. In 1855, aged 18, he entered Barings Bank. In 1858, after his parents' separation, with his father's agreement, he went to live with his mother.

As a young man, Dickens showed skills that could have led to a career in journalism but his father encouraged him to go into business. With ambitions to become a tea merchant, he visited China, Hong Kong and Japan in 1860.

In 1861, he married Elisabeth Matilda Moule Evans, daughter of Frederick Mullett Evans, his father's former publisher. They had eight children:

  • Mary Angela (1862–1948)
  • Ethel Kate (1864–1936)
  • Charles Walter (1865–1923)
  • Sydney Margaret (1866–1955)
  • Dorothy Gertrude (1868–1923)
  • Beatrice (1869–1937)
  • Cecil Mary (1871–1952)
  • Evelyn Bessie (1873–1924)

In 1866 he was appointed as the first Honorary Secretary of the Metropolitan Regatta. In 1868, after the failure of his printing business, and bankruptcy, he was hired by his father to work at All the Year Round and was appointed sub-editor the following year. In 1870, after his father's death, Dickens, Jr. inherited the magazine and became its editor. At this time he also bought at auction Gads Hill Place, his father's Kent home, but he was forced to give it up in 1879.

In 1879 he published (jointly with his father-in-law) the first editions of his two main dictionaries, Dickens's Dictionary of London and Dickens's Dictionary of the Thames. In 1882 his dictionaries were picked up by Macmillan & Co. who also released his third dictionary, Dickens's Dictionary of Paris, delayed by verifications explained in its introduction.

Charles Dickens died of heart disease, at his home in Fulham, London, on 20 July 1896, aged 59. He was buried at Mortlake Cemetery on 23 July 1896.

After death

Dickens' estate was worth £17 5s. 3d at his death, and his widow was granted a government pension of £100 per year. After her death in 1909 yearly Civil list pensions of £25 were granted to Mary Angela, Dorothy Gertrude, Cecil Mary and Evelyn Bessie after 'consideration of their straitened circumstances'. However, in 1910 their situation was so difficult that Ethel Dickens wrote to the Lord Chief Justice Richard Alverstone to seek assistance. In the letter, which was also published in The Daily Telegraph, she explained that her sisters, while employed in positions caring for children, and as secretaries, were 'barely making a living' and, while Ethel Kate herself had been more successful, her doctor had required her to take six months rest due to overwork.

As the centenary of their grandfather's birth approached, the reduced circumstances of Charles Jr.'s daughters led to a public fundraising appeal. On 7 January 1912 a gala performance, where 'leading actors and actresses appeared as Dickens' characters' at the London Coliseum raised £2500, while a separate appeal by The Daily Telegraph added an additional £3882. By the close of the fund in March 1912 it held £12,000, which was to provide £150 per year to each of the daughters.

Author Lucinda Hawksley, a descendant of the elder Charles Dickens, has written that 'the girls' begging letter' caused embarrassment for their uncle, London barrister Henry Fielding Dickens, while the daughters of another uncle, Alfred D'Orsay Tennyson Dickens, gave an interview to a newspaper in Australia, where they'd been raised, to make clear that they were not seeking any part of the funds.

According to Dickens biographer Claire Tomalin, Charles Walter, only son of Dickens, had already been 'disowned' by the family for marrying Ella Dare, a barmaid. Sydney Margaret went on to marry architect Thomas Bostock Whinney, while Ethel died, in 1936, of an overdose of phenobarbital after being found unconscious in her flat in Chelsea, London.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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