## Quick Facts

Intro | American mathematician |

Was | Mathematician Educator |

From | United States of America |

Field | Academia Mathematics |

Gender | male |

Birth | 9 November 1925, Trenton |

Death | 18 June 1979, White Plains (aged 53 years) |

## Biography

Harry Ernest Rauch (November 9, 1925 – June 18, 1979) was an American mathematician, who worked on complex analysis and differential geometry. He was born in Trenton, New Jersey, and died in White Plains, New York.

Rauch earned his PhD in 1948 from Princeton University under Salomon Bochner with thesis Generalizations of Some Classic Theorems to the Case of Functions of Several Variables. From 1949 to 1951 he was a visiting member of the Institute for Advanced Study. He was in the 1960s a professor at Yeshiva University and from the mid-1970s a professor at the City University of New York. His research was on differential geometry (especially geodesics on n-dimensional manifolds), Riemann surfaces, and theta functions.

In the early 1950s Rauch made fundamental progress on the quarter-pinched sphere conjecture in differential geometry. In the case of positive sectional curvature and simply connected differential manifolds, Rauch proved that, under the condition that the sectional curvature K does not deviate too much from K = 1, the manifold must be homeomorphic to the sphere (i.e. the case where there is constant sectional curvature K = 1). Rauch's result created a new paradigm in differential geometry, that of a "pinching theorem;" in Rauch's case, the assumption was that the curvature was pinched between 0.76 and 1. This was latter relaxed to pinching between 0.55 and 1 by Wilhelm Klingenberg, and finally replaced with the sharp result of pinching between 0.25 and 1 by Marcel Berger and Klingenberg in the early 1960s. This optimal result is known as the sphere theorem for Riemannian manifolds.

The Rauch comparison theorem is also named after Harry Rauch. He proved it in 1953.

## Publications

### Articles

- "A contribution to differential geometry in the large".
*Ann. Math*.**54**: 38–55. 1951. MR 42765. - "The singularities of the modulus space".
*Bull. Amer. Math. Soc*.**68**(4): 390–394. 1962. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1962-10818-0. MR 0141781. - "A transcendental view of the space of algebraic Riemann surfaces".
*Bull. Amer. Math. Soc*.**71**(1): 1–39. 1965. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1965-11225-3. MR 0213543. - "The local ring of the genus three modulus space of Klein's 168 surface".
*Bull. Amer. Math. Soc*.**73**(3): 343–346. 1967. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1967-11743-9. MR 0213545. - with Hershel M. Farkas: "Relation between two kinds of theta constants on a Riemann surface".
*Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A*.**59**(1): 52–55. 1968. doi:10.1073/pnas.59.1.52. PMC 285999. PMID 16591592. - "Functional independence of theta constants".
*Bull. Amer. Math. Soc*.**74**(4): 633–638. 1968. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1968-11969-x. MR 0226000. - with H. M. Farkas: "Two kinds of theta constants and period relations on a Riemann surface".
*Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A*.**62**(3): 679–686. 1969. doi:10.1073/pnas.62.3.679. PMC 223651. PMID 16591737. - with H. M. Farkas: "Period relations of Schottky type on Riemann surfaces".
*Ann. Math*.**92**(2): 434–461. 1970. doi:10.2307/1970627. MR 0283193. - with Isaac Chavel: "Holomorphic embedding of complex curves in spaces of constant holomorphic curvature".
*Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A*.**69**(3): 663–665. 1972. doi:10.1073/pnas.69.3.633. PMC 426523. PMID 16591967.

### Books

- with Hershel M. Farkas:
*Theta functions with applications to Riemann Surfaces*, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore 1974 - with Aaron Lebowitz:
*Elliptic functions, theta functions and Riemann Surfaces*, Williams and Wilkins, 1973 - with Matthew Graber, William Zlot:
*Elementary Geometry*, Krieger 1973, 2nd edn. 1979 *Geodesics and Curvature in Differential Geometry in the Large*, Yeshiva University 1959