Joseph M. Swing: United States general (born: 1894 - died: 1984) | Biography, Facts, Information, Career, Wiki, Life
peoplepill id: joseph-may-swing
1 views today
1 views this week
Joseph M. Swing
United States general

Joseph M. Swing

Joseph M. Swing
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro United States general
Was Military personnel Military leader
From United States of America
Field Military
Gender male
Birth 28 February 1894, Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, USA
Death 9 December 1984, San Francisco, San Francisco County, California, USA (aged 90 years)
Star sign Pisces
United States Military Academy
Bronze Star Medal  
Legionnaire of Legion of Merit  
Air Medal  
Silver Star  
Joseph M. Swing
The details (from wikipedia)


Lieutenant General Joseph May Swing (February 28, 1894 – December 9, 1984) was a senior United States Army officer, who fought in World War I and commanded the 11th Airborne Division during the campaign to liberate the Philippines in World War II.

Early life and military career

Joseph May Swing was born in Jersey City, New Jersey, on February 28, 1894, son of Mary Ann (née Snellgrove) and Joseph Swing. He attended the United States Military Academy at West Point and was commissioned a second lieutenant upon graduation in 1915 (as part of "the class the stars fell on"). In 1916, he served in John J. Pershing Punitive Expedition against Pancho Villa in Mexico. During World War I, he served in France with the 1st Infantry Division. After returning to the United States, he served as an aide to General Peyton March, who soon became Chief of Staff of the United States Army. He married General March's daughter, Josephine, on July 8, 1918.

Between the wars

After the war, Swing continued his career in the artillery, graduating with honors from the United States Army Field Artillery School at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. In 1927 he graduated from the Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and in 1935 he graduated from the United States Army War College in Washington D.C. From 1938 to 1940 he served as chief of staff for the 2nd Infantry Division, then as commander of artillery for the 1st Cavalry Division.

World War II

Swing was promoted to brigadier general in 1941 and organized the division artillery of the 82nd Infantry Division, shortly before their conversion to an airborne division. After being promoted to major general, in February 1943 Swing activated the newly formed 11th Airborne Division at Camp Mackall, North Carolina. He was then sent to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations to assist with planning the airborne operations conducted during Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily. After returning to the United States, he continued to oversee the training of the 11th Airborne Division, leading them to a successful victory in the Knollwood training maneuver on December 7, 1943. The performance of Swing and the 11th Airborne is credited with saving the concept of the airborne division.

General Douglas MacArthur, (second from the right), upon his arrival at Atsugi airdrome, near Tokyo, Japan, 30 August 1945. General Robert L. Eichelberger (right); Major General Joseph Swing (far left, wearing helmet).

Swing and the officers and men of the 11th Airborne Division shipped out for the Southwest Pacific in May 1944. He would lead the division for the duration of the war, from the invasion of the Philippines to the occupation of Japan. Swing and the 11th Airborne greeted General Douglas MacArthur upon his arrival in Japan at Atsugi Airdrome on August 30, 1945.


Robert L. Eichelberger & Joseph May Swing ("Pagdaong sa Nasugbu" Batangas) Monument.

Swing commanded the 11th Airborne Division until 1948 when he was assigned command of I Corps in Kyoto, Japan. This was followed by a stint as commandant of the Field Artillery School at Fort Sill, then as commandant of the Army War College at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. His final posting was as commander of the Sixth Army in San Francisco in 1951. Swing retired from active duty on February 28, 1954, retiring with the rank of lieutenant general.

The grave of Lieutenant General Joseph May Swing at Arlington National Cemetery.

After leaving the army, his friend and former West Point classmate President Dwight D. Eisenhower nominated him as the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization. Following confirmation, Swing served as the head of the INS from 1954 to 1962. Among the programs he implemented was the controversial Operation Wetback (1954), designed to slow the number of illegal border crossings from Mexico.

Swing died in San Francisco at the age of 90 on December 9, 1984, and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia with his wife Josephine Mary Swing (1895–1972).


The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 11 Nov 2021. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
Search trend
comments so far.
From our partners
Sections Joseph M. Swing

arrow-left arrow-right instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube pandora tunein iheart itunes