|Intro||American novelist, essayist, bookseller and screenwriter|
|Was||Screenwriter Historian Writer Novelist Essayist Author Businessperson|
|From||United States of America|
|Field||Business Film, TV, Stage & Radio Literature Social science|
|Birth||3 June 1936, Archer City, Archer County, Texas, USA|
|Death||25 March 2021, Archer City, Archer County, Texas, USA (aged 84 years)|
|Residence||Wichita Falls, Wichita County, Texas, USA; Texas, USA; Archer City, Archer County, Texas, USA|
Larry Jeff McMurtry (June 3, 1936 – March 25, 2021) was an American novelist, essayist, bookseller, and screenwriter whose work was predominantly set in either the Old West or contemporary Texas. His novels included Horseman, Pass By (1962), The Last Picture Show (1966), and Terms of Endearment (1975), which were adapted into films. Films adapted from McMurtry's works earned 34 Oscar nominations (13 wins).
His 1985 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, Lonesome Dove, was adapted into a television miniseries that earned 18 Emmy Award nominations (seven wins). The subsequent three novels in his Lonesome Dove series were adapted as three more miniseries, earning eight more Emmy nominations. McMurtry and cowriter Diana Ossana adapted the screenplay for Brokeback Mountain (2005), which earned eight Academy Award nominations with three wins, including McMurtry and Ossana for Best Adapted Screenplay. In 2014, McMurtry received the National Humanities Medal.
Early life and education
McMurtry was born in Archer City, Texas, 25 miles from Wichita Falls, the son of Hazel Ruth (née McIver) and William Jefferson McMurtry. He grew up on his parents' ranch outside Archer City. The city was the model for the town of Thalia which is a setting for much of his fiction. He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of North Texas in 1958 and a Master of Arts from Rice University in 1960.
In his memoir, McMurtry said that during his first five or six years in his grandfather's ranch house, there were no books, but his extended family would sit on the front porch every night and tell stories. In 1942, when his cousin Robert Hilburn was on his way to enlist for World War II, he stopped by the ranch house and left a box containing 19 boys' adventure books from the 1930s. The first book he read was Sergeant Silk: The Prairie Scout.
During the 1960–1961 academic year, McMurtry was a Wallace Stegner Fellow at the Stanford University Creative Writing Center, where he studied the craft of fiction under Frank O'Connor and Malcolm Cowley, alongside other aspiring writers, including Wendell Berry, Ken Kesey, Peter S. Beagle, and Gurney Norman. Wallace Stegner was on sabbatical in Europe during McMurtry's fellowship year.
McMurtry and Kesey remained friends after McMurtry left California and returned to Texas to take a year-long composition instructorship at Texas Christian University. In 1963, he returned to Rice University, where he served as a lecturer in English until 1969. He entertained some of his early students with accounts of Hollywood and the filming of Hud, for which he was consulting. In 1964, Kesey and his Merry Pranksters conducted their noted cross-country trip, stopping at McMurtry's home in Houston. The adventure in the day-glo-painted school bus Furthur was chronicled by Tom Wolfe in his book The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. That same year, McMurtry was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship.
McMurtry won numerous awards from the Texas Institute of Letters: three times the Jesse H. Jones Award—in 1962, for Horseman, Pass By; in 1967, for The Last Picture Show, which he shared with Tom Pendleton's The Iron Orchard; and in 1986, for Lonesome Dove. He won the Amon G. Carter award for periodical prose in 1966 for Texas: Good Times Gone or Here Again? and the Lon Tinkle Award for Lifetime Achievement in 1984. In 1986, McMurtry received the annual Peggy V. Helmerich Distinguished Author Award from the Tulsa Library Trust. He reflected on his 1985 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, Lonesome Dove, in Literary Life: A Second Memoir (2009), writing that it was the "Gone With the Wind of the West … a pretty good book; it's not a towering masterpiece."
McMurtry described his method for writing novels in Books: A Memoir. He said that from his first novel on, he would get up early and dash off five pages of narrative. When he published the memoir in 2008, he said this was still his method, although by then, he wrote 10 pages a day. He also wrote every day, ignoring holidays and weekends. McMurtry was a regular contributor to The New York Review of Books.
McMurtry was a vigorous defender of free speech, and while serving as president of PEN from 1989 to 1991, led the organization's efforts to support the writer Salman Rushdie, whose novel The Satanic Verses (1988) caused a major controversy among some Muslims, with the Supreme Leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, issuing a fatwā calling for Rushdie's assassination, after which attempts were made on his life.
In 1989, McMurtry testified on behalf of PEN America before the U.S. Congress in opposition to immigration rules in the 1952 McCarran–Walter Act that for decades permitted the visa denial and deportation of foreign writers for ideological reasons. He recounted how before American PEN was to host the 1986 International PEN Congress, "there was a serious question as to whether such a meeting could in fact take place in this country... the McCarran–Walter Act could have effectively prevented such a gathering in the United States." He denounced the relevant rules as "an affront to all who cherish the constitutional guarantees of freedom of expression and association. To a writer whose living depends upon the uninhibited interchange of ideas and experiences, these provisions are especially appalling." Subsequently, some provisions that excluded certain classes of immigrants based on their political beliefs were revoked by the Immigration Act of 1990.
Antiquarian bookstore businesses
While at Stanford, McMurtry became a rare-book scout. During his years in Houston, he managed a book store called the Bookman. In 1969, he moved to the Washington, D.C., area. In 1970 with two partners, he started a bookshop in Georgetown, which he named Booked Up. In 1988, he opened another Booked Up in Archer City. It became one of the largest antiquarian bookstores in the United States, carrying between 400,000 and 450,000 titles. Citing economic pressures from Internet bookselling, McMurtry came close to shutting down the Archer City store in 2005, but chose to keep it open after great public support.
In early 2012, McMurtry decided to downsize and sell off the greater portion of his inventory. He felt the collection was a liability for his heirs. The auction was conducted on August 10 and 11, 2012, and was overseen by Addison and Sarova Auctioneers of Macon, Georgia. This epic book auction sold books by the shelf, and was billed as "The Last Booksale", in keeping with the title of McMurtry's The Last Picture Show. Dealers, collectors, and gawkers came out en masse from all over the country to witness this historic auction. As stated by McMurtry on the weekend of the sale, "I've never seen that many people lined up in Archer City, and I'm sure I never will again."
Film and television
McMurtry became well known for the film adaptations of his work, which were seen by many viewers, especially Hud (from the novel Horseman, Pass By), starring Paul Newman and Patricia Neal; the Peter Bogdanovich–directed The Last Picture Show; James L. Brooks's Terms of Endearment, which won five Academy Awards, including Best Picture (1984); and Lonesome Dove, which became a popular television miniseries starring Tommy Lee Jones and Robert Duvall.
In 2006, he was co-winner (with Diana Ossana) of both the Best Screenplay Golden Globe and the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for Brokeback Mountain, adapted from a short story by E. Annie Proulx. He accepted his Oscar while wearing a dinner jacket over jeans and cowboy boots. In his speech, he promoted books, reminding the audience the movie was developed from a short story. In his Golden Globe acceptance speech, he paid tribute to his Swiss-made Hermes 3000 typewriter.
McMurtry married Jo Scott, who is an English professor and has authored five books. Before divorcing, they had a son together, James McMurtry. Both he and his son (Larry's grandson) Curtis McMurtry are singer/songwriters and guitarists.
In 1991 McMurtry underwent heart surgery. During his recovery, he suffered severe depression. He recovered at the home of his future writing partner Diana Ossana and wrote his novel "Streets of Laredo" at her kitchen counter.
McMurtry married Norma Faye Kesey, the widow of writer Ken Kesey, on April 29, 2011, in a civil ceremony in Archer City.
McMurtry died on March 25, 2021, at his home in Archer City, Texas. He was 84 years old.
- 1982: Cadillac Jack
- 1988: Anything For Billy (fictionalized biography of Billy the Kid)
- 1990: Buffalo Girls (fictionalized biography of Calamity Jane) – adapted for TV as Buffalo Girls
- 1994: Pretty Boy Floyd (with Diana Ossana) (fictionalised biography of the titular gangster)
- 1997: Zeke and Ned (with Diana Ossana) (fictionalized biography of the last Cherokee warriors)
- 2000: Boone's Lick
- 2005: Loop Group
- 2006: Telegraph Days
- 2014: The Last Kind Words Saloon
Thalia: A Texas Trilogy
Larry McMurtry's first three novels, all set in the north Texas town of Thalia after World War II
- 1961: Horseman, Pass By – adapted for film as Hud
- 1963: Leaving Cheyenne – adapted for film as Lovin' Molly
- 1966: The Last Picture Show – adapted for film as The Last Picture Show
Harmony and Pepper series
The books follow the story of mother/daughter characters Harmony and Pepper
- 1983: The Desert Rose
- 1995: The Late Child
Duane Moore series
The books follow the story of character Duane Moore
- 1966: The Last Picture Show – adapted for film as The Last Picture Show
- 1987: Texasville – adapted for film as Texasville
- 1999: Duane's Depressed
- 2007: When The Light Goes
- 2009: Rhino Ranch: A Novel
The books follow the stories of occasionally recurring characters living in the Houston, Texas, area
- 1970: Moving On (characters Patsy Carpenter/Danny Deck/Emma Horton/Joe Percy)
- 1972: All My Friends Are Going To Be Strangers (Danny Deck/Jill Peel/Emma Horton)
- 1975: Terms of Endearment (Emma Horton/Aurora Greenaway) – adapted for film as Terms of Endearment
- 1978: Somebody's Darling (Jill Peel/Joe Percy)
- 1989: Some Can Whistle (Danny Deck)
- 1992: The Evening Star (Aurora Greenaway) – adapted for film as The Evening Star
Lonesome Dove series
- 1985: Lonesome Dove, 1986 Pulitzer Prize winner
- 1993: Streets of Laredo
- 1995: Dead Man's Walk
- 1997: Comanche Moon
The Berrybender Narratives
- 2002: Sin Killer
- 2003: The Wandering Hill
- 2003: By Sorrow's River
- 2004: Folly and Glory
- 1999: Still Wild: A Collection of Western Stories
- 1988: The Murder of Mary Phagan – TV movie
- 1990: Montana – TV movie
- 1992: Memphis – TV movie
- 1992: Falling from Grace – film starring John Mellencamp
- 2002: Johnson County War – TV miniseries
- 2005: Brokeback Mountain (with Diana Ossana) – Oscar-winning screenplay (adapted from the short story by E. Annie Proulx)
- 2020: Joe Bell (with Diana Ossana)
- 1968: In A Narrow Grave: Essays on Texas
- 1974: "It's Always We Rambled" (essay)
- 1987: Film Flam: Essays on Hollywood
- 1999: Crazy Horse: A Life (biography)
- 1999: Walter Benjamin at the Dairy Queen: Reflections on Sixty and Beyond
- 2000: Roads: Driving America's Great Highways
- 2001: Sacagawea's Nickname—essays on the American West
- 2002: Paradise—South-Pacific travelogue/memoir
- 2005: The Colonel and Little Missie: Buffalo Bill, Annie Oakley & the Beginnings of Superstardom in America
- 2005: Oh What A Slaughter! : Massacres in the American West: 1846—1890
- 2008: Books: A Memoir
- 2009: Literary Life: A Second Memoir
- 2011: Hollywood: A Third Memoir
- 2012: Custer
- 1963: Hud (based on novel Horseman, Pass By from 1961)
- 1971: The Last Picture Show (co-wrote screenplay, based on novel from 1966)
- 1974: Lovin' Molly (based on the novel Leaving Cheyenne from 1963)
- 1983: Terms of Endearment (based on novel from 1975)
- 1990: Texasville (based on novel from 1987)
- 1992: Falling from Grace (wrote screenplay and story)
- 1996: The Evening Star (based on novel from 1992)
- 2005: Brokeback Mountain (co-wrote screenplay with Diana Ossana and adapted from the short story by E. Annie Proulx)
- 2020: Joe Bell (co-wrote screenplay with Diana Ossana)
- 1977: The American Film Institute's 10th Anniversary Special (writer)
- 1988: The Murder of Mary Phagan (mini-series based on story)
- 1989: Lonesome Dove (mini-series based on 1985 novel)
- 1990: Montana (original screenplay)
- 1992: Memphis (teleplay)
- 1993: Return to Lonesome Dove (based on the fictional universe of the 1985 novel)
- 1994–1995: Lonesome Dove: The Series (based on the fictional universe of the 1985 novel)
- 1995: Buffalo Girls (based on 1990 novel)
- 1995: Streets of Laredo (wrote teleplay, based on 1993 novel)
- 1995–1996: Lonesome Dove: The Outlaw Years (based on the fictional world of the 1985 novel)
- 1996: Dead Man's Walk (wrote teleplay, based on 1995 novel)
- 2002: Johnson County War (wrote teleplay)
- 2008: Comanche Moon (wrote teleplay, based on 1997 novel)