|Intro||English film director, film producer, film editor and screenwriter|
|Was||Film director Film producer Screenwriter Writer Film editor Critic Food critic Journalist|
|Field||Film, TV, Stage & Radio Food and Drinks Journalism Literature|
|Birth||30 October 1935, Hampstead, United Kingdom|
|Death||21 January 2013, Woodland House, United Kingdom (aged 77 years)|
Michael Robert Winner (30 October 1935 – 21 January 2013) was an English film director and producer, and a restaurant critic for The Sunday Times.
Winner was an only child, born in Hampstead, London, England, to Helen (née Zlota) and George Joseph Winner (1910–1975), a company director. His family was Jewish; his mother was Polish and his father of Russian extraction. Following his father's death, Winner's mother gambled recklessly and sold art and furniture worth around £10m at the time, bequeathed to her not only for her life but to Michael thereafter. She died aged 78 in 1984.
He was educated at St Christopher School, Letchworth, and Downing College, Cambridge, where he read law and economics. He also edited the university's student newspaper, Varsity (he was the youngest ever editor up to that time, both in age and in terms of his university career, being only in the second term of his second year). Winner had earlier written a newspaper column, 'Michael Winner's Showbiz Gossip,' in the Kensington Post from the age of 14. The first issue of Showgirl Glamour Revue in 1955 had him writing another film and showbusiness gossip column, "Winner's World". Such jobs allowed him to meet and interview several leading film personalities, including James Stewart and Marlene Dietrich. He also wrote for the New Musical Express.
He directed his first travelogue, This is Belgium (1957), which was largely shot on location in East Grinstead. It was financed by his father.
Winner wrote, produced and directed a short, The Square (1957), starring A.E. Mathews. It was financed by Winner's father.
His first on-screen feature credit was earned as a writer for the low-budget crime film Man with a Gun (1958) directed by Montgomery Tully.
Winner directed the shorts Danger, Women at Work (1959) and Watch the Birdie (1959) and was Associate Producer on Floating Fortress (1959) produced by Harold Baim.
Early British feature films
Winner's first feature as director was Shoot to Kill (1960), which he also wrote. Dermot Walsh starred.
Winner followed it with Climb Up the Wall (1960), which was essentially a series of music acts presented by Jack Jackson. Winner wrote and directed.
His third feature as director was the thriller Murder on the Campus (1961), aka Out of the Shadow, which Winner also wrote and helped produce. Dermot Walsh starred once again, together with Terence Longdon.
He wrote and directed the short Girls Girls Girls! (1961) which was narrated by Jack Jackson, and directed the short feature Old Mac (1961), written by Richard Aubrey and starring Charles Lamb, Vi Stevens and Tania Mallet.
His next feature, Some Like It Cool (1962), is the tale of a young woman who introduces her prudish husband and in-laws to the joys of nudism. Filmed at Longleat, he was afraid the sight of bare flesh would offend the magistrate for the area so he confided his worries to the landowner, the Marquess of Bath. "Don't worry," said the Marquess, "I am the local magistrate." The film cost £9,000 and Winner said it made its money back in a week.
Winner updated Gilbert and Sullivan, writing the screenplay and directing a version of The Mikado titled The Cool Mikado (1963), starring Frankie Howerd and Stubby Kaye which was produced by Harold Baim.
Winner's film The System (1964), aka The Girl-Getters, began a partnership with actor Oliver Reed that would last for six films over a 25-year period. It was based on a script by Peter Draper.
Winner received an offer from Columbia to direct a comedy, You Must Be Joking! (1965). It starred American import Michael Callan and the support cast included Lionel Jeffries and Denholm Elliott. Winner also wrote the script.
Winner was reunited with Reed on The Jokers (1967) a comedy where Reed was teamed with Michael Crawford. It was based on a script by Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais from a story by Winner for Winner's own company, Scimitar Productions for Universal's English operations, then under Jay Kanter. The movie was a popular hit.
He and Reed then made the comedy-drama I'll Never Forget What's'isname (1967), co-starring Orson Welles, Carol White and Harry Andrews, also for Scimitar. Draper wrote the script, which was a spoof of the advertising world. It was also done for Universal.
Winner did some uncredited directing on A Little of What You Fancy (1967), a documentary about the history of the British Music Hall.
He and Reed made their fourth feature together, the World War II satire Hannibal Brooks (1969), again from a Clement-La Frenais script based on a Winner story.
Early American films
Hannibal Brooks drew notice in Hollywood and Winner soon received an opportunity to direct his first American film, which was Lawman (1971), a Western starring Burt Lancaster and Robert Duvall for United Artists. Gerald Wilson was the writer.
Back in England he directed Marlon Brando in The Nightcomers (1971), a prequel to The Turn of the Screw by Henry James, the first of many films for which he was credited as editor using the pseudonym "Arnold Crust".
Winner edited, producer and directed Chato's Land (1972), recounting a mixed race American Indian fighting with Whites. It starred Charles Bronson and was done for Scimitar through United Artists. Gerald Wilson wrote it.
Winner's second film for Bronson and United Artists was The Mechanic (also 1972), a thriller in which professional assassins are depicted. It was based on a story and script by Lewis John Carlino and Winner also edited, although he did not produce. He replaced Monte Hellman as director.
The following year, Winner cast Lancaster again in the espionage drama Scorpio (1973), co-starring Alain Delon for Scimitar and United Artists.
He produced and directed a third film with Bronson, The Stone Killer (1973), in collaboration with producer Dino De Laurentiis for Columbia.
Winner and Bronson collaborated on Death Wish (1974), a film that defined the subsequent careers of both men. Based on a novel by Brian Garfield and adapted to the screen by Wendell Mayes, Death Wish was originally planned for director Sidney Lumet, under contract with United Artists. The commitment of Lumet to another film and UA's questioning of its subject matter led to the film's eventual production by Dino De Laurentiis through Paramount Pictures. Death Wish follows Paul Kersey, a liberal New York architect who becomes a gun-wielding vigilante after his wife is murdered and daughter is raped. With a script adjusted to Bronson's persona, the film generated controversy during its screenings and was one of the year's highest grossers.
Winner tried to break out of action films with Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood (1976), an animal comedy Winner produced and directed starring Bruce Dern, Madeline Kahn, Art Carney, and Milton Berle. Intended as a satire of Hollywood, it was a financial failure.
Of modest success was his horror film The Sentinel (1977), which Winner wrote, produced and directed for Universal. It was based on a novel by Jeffrey Konvitz.
Winner then wrote, produced and directed the remake of Raymond Chandler's novel The Big Sleep (1978), starring Robert Mitchum as Philip Marlowe with a strong support cast including John Mills, Sarah Miles, Richard Boone and Candy Clarke. The film was relocated to England and financed by ITC Films.
Also for ITC, Winner produced, edited and directed the organized crime thriller Firepower (1979). It was meant to star Charles Bronson who withdrew and wound up starring Sophia Loren and James Coburn.
Reunion with Bronson/Cannon Films
By the early 1980s, Winner found himself in great need of a successful film and accepted Charles Bronson's request to film Death Wish II (1981), a sequel to the 1974 hit. Bronson had already signed a lucrative deal with Cannon Films, independent producer of exploitation fare and marginal art house titles. The sequel, co-starring Bronson's wife Jill Ireland, considerably increased the violence to more graphic levels. Winner said the film was "the same, but different," to the original. "That's what sequels are – Rocky II, Rocky III – you don't see Sylvester Stallone move to the Congo and become a nurse. Here the look of LA is what's different. Besides – rape doesn't date!" It made a $2 million profit for Cannon films and made an extra $29 million worldwide.
The film's success enabled Winner to raise money from Cannon for a dream project: a 1983 remake of 1945's The Wicked Lady with Faye Dunaway. Winner wrote, produced and directed.
For Miracle Films, Winner produced and directed the thriller Scream for Help (1984).
He produced a film called Claudia (1985), doing some uncredited directing and editing.
Winner was reunited with Bronson and Cannon for Death Wish 3 (1985), which although set in New York City, was mostly filmed in London for budgetary reasons. Winner produced and edited."
Winner was also attached to direct Cannon's 1990 film Captain America, from a James Silke script, which he would revise with Stan Hey, and then Stan Lee and Lawrence Block. By 1987, however, Winner was off the project and did Appointment with Death instead.
His final film for Cannon was an adaptation of the Agatha Christie novel Appointment with Death (1989) starring Peter Ustinov as Poirot. Winner produced, edited and directed. Despite a strong support cast including Lauren Bacall and Carrie Fisher the film flopped.
Final British films
After Cannon Films entered bankruptcy, Winner confined himself to British productions.
He wrote, produced and directed Dirty Weekend (1993) starring Lia Williams.
He starred in a TV series recreating crimes called True Crimes which was cancelled in 1994.
In 1994 he appeared as a guest artist alongside Joan Collins, Christopher Biggins and Marc Sinden (who in 1983 had appeared in Winner's The Wicked Lady) in Steven Berkoff's film version of his own play Decadence.
Winner's final film as director was Parting Shots (1999), which he also wrote, produced and edited. The film was critically reviled and flopped commercially.
Other media activity
Winner was a regular panellist on BBC Radio 4's Any Questions and later appeared on television programmes including the BBC TV's Question Time and Have I Got News for You. He was also an occasional columnist for the Daily Mail throughout the 2000s, and an honorary member of BAFTA and of the Directors Guild of Great Britain. His autobiography Winner Takes All: A Life of Sorts was published by Robson Books in 2006. The book largely describes his experiences with many big-screen actors. He also wrote a dieting book, The Fat Pig Diet Book.
Winner also featured in television commercials that he himself directed for insurance company esure between 2002 and 2009, with his trade-mark catchphrase "Calm down, dear! It's just a commercial!" He was referred to repeatedly in the QI episode "Illness".
Winner became engaged to Geraldine Lynton-Edwards in 2007. They had met in 1957 when he was a 21-year-old film-maker and she was a 16-year-old actress and ballet dancer. They married on 19 September 2011 at Chelsea Town Hall, London. Michael and Shakira Caine were witnesses to the ceremony.
Winner lived in the former home of painter Luke Fildes in Holland Park, Woodland House, designed for Fildes by Richard Norman Shaw. It was announced in 2008 that Winner intended to leave his house as a museum, but discussions with Kensington and Chelsea council apparently stalled after they were unable to meet the £15 million cost of purchasing the freehold of the property, which expires in 2046.
On 1 January 2007, Winner acquired the bacterial infection Vibrio vulnificus from eating an oyster in Barbados. He almost had a leg amputated and verged on the brink of death several times. Before recovering, Winner was infected with the "hospital superbug" MRSA. In September 2011, Winner was also admitted to hospital with food poisoning after eating steak tartare, a raw meat dish, four days in a row. The dish is not recommended for those with a weak immune system and in retrospect Winner regarded his decision to eat it as "stupid".
Police Memorial Trust
Winner was an active proponent of law enforcement issues and established the Police Memorial Trust after WPC Yvonne Fletcher was murdered in 1984. Thirty-six local memorials honouring police officers who died in the line of duty have been erected since 1985, beginning with Fletcher's in St. James's Square, London. The National Police Memorial, opposite St. James's Park at the junction of Horse Guards Road and The Mall, was also unveiled by Queen Elizabeth II on 26 April 2005.
In 2006, it was revealed that Winner had been offered but declined an OBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours for his part in campaigning for the Police Memorial Trust. Winner remarked "An OBE is what you get if you clean the toilets well at King's Cross station." Winner subsequently alleged (on his Twitter page) that he had also turned down a knighthood.
Winner remained prominent in British life for other reasons, including his outspoken restaurant reviews. His fame as a restaurant critic was such that, at a Cornwall cafe, an unconsumed piece of his serving of lemon drizzle cake was incorporated into the Museum of Celebrity Leftovers. Winner wrote his column, "Winner's Dinners", in The Sunday Times for more than twenty years. On 2 December 2012 he announced that he was to contribute his last review because of poor health, which had put him in hospital eight times in the previous seven months.
Winner was an outspoken character. He was a member of the Conservative Party and supporter of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Winner was praised for having liberal views on gay rights, in particular during an episode of Richard Littlejohn Live and Uncut, where he attacked the presenter (who had been in the midst of an attack on two lesbian guests) for his stance on same-gender marriage and parenting, going so far as to say to him "The lesbians have come over with considerable dignity whereas you have come over as an arsehole." After Winner's death, this moment was brought up many times in eulogies to him. In a 2009 interview with The Daily Telegraph he bemoaned political correctness and said if he was Prime Minister he would be "to the right of Hitler".
Interests and hobbies
Winner was an art collector, and a connoisseur of British illustration. Winner's art collection includes works by Jan Micker, William James, Edmund Dulac, E. H. Shepard, Arthur Rackham, Kay Nielsen and Beatrix Potter. His collection once included almost 200 signed colour-washed illustrations by Donald McGill.
Winner spent his free time gardening ("my garden is floodlit, so I quite often garden after midnight") or with a string of girlfriends, notably the actress Jenny Seagrove. He claimed that his life had not altered in the past 40 years: "I do essentially the same things I did as an 18-year-old," he said. "I go on dates, I make films, I write. Nothing has really changed."
In an interview with The Times newspaper in October 2012, Winner said liver specialists had told him that he had between 18 months and two years to live. He said he had researched assisted suicide offered at the Dignitas clinic in Switzerland, but found the bureaucracy of the process off-putting. Winner died at his home, Woodland House in Holland Park, on 21 January 2013, aged 77. Winner was buried following a traditional Jewish funeral at Willesden Jewish Cemetery.
Following the allegations made against Harvey Weinstein in October 2017, Winner was accused by three women, Debbie Arnold, Cindy Marshall-Day and an unidentified woman, of demanding they expose their breasts to him, in Arnold's case during an audition at his home. The two named women refused. Actor Marina Sirtis, who was directed by Winner in The Wicked Lady and Death Wish 3, has implied she was mistreated by the director, as reported by The Stage in 2019: