Michael Craig "Mike" Judge (born October 17, 1962) is an American actor, animator, writer, producer, director, and musician. He is the creator of the television series Beavis and Butt-Head (1993–1997, 2011), co-creator of the television series King of the Hill (1997–2010), The Goode Family (2009), and Silicon Valley (2014–present), and writer-director of the films Beavis and Butt-Head Do America (1996), Office Space (1999), Idiocracy (2006) and Extract (2009).
Judge graduated from University of California, San Diego, where he studied physics. After becoming uninterested in his career in science, Judge began to experiment with animation and started to create his own short films. Finding success in his animated shorts, Judge began to develop one of his most popular shorts which would later become Beavis and Butt-Head. The show was critically acclaimed by both audiences and critics, and launched the spin-off series Daria and the feature film Beavis and Butt-Head Do America. In 1995, Judge and former Simpsons writer Greg Daniels developed King of the Hill, which quickly became a hit by both critics and audiences. During the run of the show, Judge took some time off to write and direct Office Space, Idiocracy, and Extract. As King of the Hill was coming to an end, Judge created his third show titled The Goode Family, which received mixed reviews and was cancelled after 13 episodes. After a two-year hiatus, Judge created his fourth show Silicon Valley, which has received critical acclaim since its premiere.
Judge has won a Primetime Emmy Award and two Annie Awards for King of the Hill and two Critics' Choice Television Awards and Satellite Awards for Silicon Valley.
Early life and education
Michael Craig Judge is the second of three children born to archaeologist Jim Judge and librarian Margaret Blue. He was born in Guayaquil, Ecuador, where his father worked for a nonprofit organization promoting agricultural development. Judge was raised from age 7 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Judge attended St. Pius X High School before graduating with a Bachelor of Science in physics in 1986 from the University of California, San Diego.
1990–1997: Early career and Beavis and Butt-Head
After graduating in 1986 from UCSD with a bachelor of science in physics, Judge's first job was as a programmer for the F-18 fighter at Support Systems Associates, Inc. In 1987 he moved to Silicon Valley to join Parallax Graphics, a startup video card company with about 40 employees based in Santa Clara. Disliking the company's culture and his colleagues ("The people I met were like Stepford Wives. They were true believers in something, and I don't know what it was"), Judge quit after less than three months and became a bass player with a touring blues band. He was a part of Anson Funderburgh's band for two years, playing on their 1990 Black Top Records release "Rack 'Em Up", while taking graduate math classes at the University of Texas at Dallas. In 1989, after seeing animation cels on display in a movie theater, Judge purchased a Bolex 16 mm film camera and began creating his own animated shorts. In 1991, his short film "Office Space" (also known as the Milton series of shorts) was acquired by Comedy Central, following an animation festival in Dallas. In the early 1990s, he was playing blues bass with Doyle Bramhall.
In 1992, he developed Frog Baseball, a short film featuring the characters Beavis and Butt-Head, to be featured on Liquid Television, a 1990s animation showcase that appeared on MTV. The short led to the creation of the Beavis and Butt-Head series on MTV, in which Judge voiced both title characters as well as the majority of supporting characters and wrote and directed the majority of the episodes. The show centers on two socially incompetent, heavy metal-loving teenage wannabe delinquents, Beavis and Butt-Head (both voiced by Judge), who go to High School at Highland High in Albuquerque, New Mexico (the same city where Judge went to high school). They have no apparent adult supervision at home, and are dim-witted, under-educated and barely literate, and both lack any empathy or moral scruples, even regarding each other. Over its run, Beavis and Butt-Head drew a notable amount of both positive and negative reaction from the public with its combination of lewd humor and implied criticism of society. Judge himself is highly critical of the animation and quality of earlier episodes, in particular the first two – Blood Drive/Give Blood and Door to Door – which he described as "awful, I don't know why anybody liked it... I was burying my head in the sand." The series spawned the feature-length film Beavis and Butt-Head Do America and the spin-off show Daria. After two decades, the series aired its new season on October 27, 2011. The premiere was dubbed a ratings hit, with an audience of 3.3 million total viewers. On January 10, 2014, Judge announced that there is still a chance of him pitching Beavis and Butt-Head to another network and that he wouldn't mind making more episodes.
1997–2009: King of the Hill, Office Space, and Idiocracy
In early 1995, after the successful first run of Beavis and Butt-Head on MTV, Mike Judge co-created the show King of the Hill with former Simpsons writer Greg Daniels. Judge was a former resident of Garland, Texas, upon which the fictional community of Arlen was loosely based, but as Judge stated in a later interview, the show was based more specifically on the Dallas suburb Richardson. Mike Judge conceived the idea for the show, drew the main characters, and wrote a pilot script. Judge voiced characters Hank Hill and Boomhauer. The show centers on the Hills, a middle-class Methodist family in the small suburban town of Arlen, Texas. It attempts to retain a naturalistic approach, seeking humor in the conventional and mundane aspects of everyday life while dealing with issues comically. After its debut in 1997, the series became a large success for Fox and was named one of the best television series of the year by various publications, including Entertainment Weekly, Time, and TV Guide. For the 1997–1998 season, the series became one of Fox's highest-rated programs and even briefly outperformed The Simpsons in ratings. Although ratings remained consistent through the 10th through 12th seasons and had begun to rise in the overall Nielsen ratings (up to the 105th most watched series on television, from 118 in season 8), Fox abruptly announced in 2008 that King of the Hill had been cancelled. On April 30, 2009, it was announced that Fox ordered at least two more episodes to give the show a proper finale. The show's 14th season was supposed to air sometime in the 2009–2010 season, but Fox later announced that it would not air the episodes, opting instead for syndication. On August 10, 2009, however, Fox released a statement that the network would air a one-hour series finale (which consisted of a regular 30-minute episode followed by a 30-minute finale) on September 13, 2009. During the panel discussion for the return of Beavis and Butt-Head at Comic-Con 2011, Mike Judge said that no current plans exist to revive King of the Hill, although he would not rule out the possibility of it returning.
Judge began to develop one of his of four animated short films entitled Milton, about an office drone named Milton that Judge created, which first aired on Liquid Television and Night After Night with Allan Havey, and later aired on Saturday Night Live. The inspiration came from a temp job he once had that involved alphabetizing purchase orders and a job he had as an engineer for three months in the Bay Area during the 1980s, "just in the heart of Silicon Valley and in the middle of that overachiever yuppie thing, it was just awful". Judge sold the film to 20th Century Fox based on his script and a cast that included Jennifer Aniston, Ron Livingston, and David Herman. Originally, the studio wanted to make a film out of the Milton character but Judge was not interested, opting instead to make more of an ensemble cast–based film. The studio suggested he make a movie like Car Wash but "just set in an office". Judge made the relatively painless transition from animation to live-action with the help of the film's director of photography who taught him about lenses and where to put the camera. Judge says, "I had a great crew, and it's good going into it not pretending you're an expert". Studio executives were not happy with the footage Judge was getting. He remembers them telling him, "More energy! More energy! We gotta reshoot it! You're failing! You're failing!" In addition, Fox did not like the gangsta rap music used in the film until a focus group approved of it. Judge hated the ending and felt that a complete rewrite of the third act was necessary. In the film, he made a cameo appearance as Stan (complete with hairpiece and fake mustache), the manager of Chotchkie's, a fictionalized parody of chain restaurants like Chili's, Applebee's and TGI Friday's. The film premiered on February 19, 1999 and was well received by critics and although it wasn't a success at the box office, it sold well on VHS and DVD, and has come to be recognized as a cult classic.
Since fall 2003, Judge and fellow animator Don Hertzfeldt have run an animation festival, "The Animation Show". "The Animation Show" tours the country every year, screening animated shorts. In 2005, Mike Judge was presented with the Austin Film Festival's Outstanding Television Writer Award by Johnny Hardwick.
Judge has made supporting and cameo appearances in numerous films, Judge had a voice cameo in South Park: Bigger, Longer and Uncut (1999), for the feature-length film adaptation of the popular Comedy Central series; he voiced Kenny McCormick when he was unhooded towards the end of the film. The science-fiction family comedy franchise Spy Kids, where he played Donnagon Giggles in the first three films. His next film appearance would then be Serving Sara (2002) were he played a motel manager. He would later then appear in the comedy Jackass Number Two (2006), in which he can be seen during the closing credits. An extended version can be seen in Jackass 2.5 (2007) which was a direct-to-video release. Judge also created a video clip of Beavis and Butt-Head ripping into Steve-O for his video Poke the Puss, where the two try imagining if they would like the video better if they were black. The clip aired as a part of Jackassworld.com: 24-Hour Takeover, a February 23, 2008 television special on MTV to coincide with the official launch of jackassworld.com. The characters appeared again in the third Jackass film, titled Jackass 3D, at the beginning of the film, telling viewers to put on their 3D glasses for the film.
Judge made his third directorial film titled Idiocracy, a dystopian comedy starring Luke Wilson and Maya Rudolph, was given a limited release theatrically by 20th Century Fox in September 2006, two years after production. The film original release date was August 5, 2005, according to Mike Judge. In April 2006, a release date was set for September 1, 2006. The film was released without a trailer or substantial marketing campaign. The film was not screened for critics. Lack of concrete information from Fox led to speculation that the distributor may have actively tried to keep the film from being seen by a large audience, while fulfilling a contractual obligation for theatrical release ahead of a DVD release, according to Ryan Pearson of the AP. That speculation was followed by open criticism of the studio's lack of support from Ain't It Cool News, Time, and Esquire. Time's Joel Stein wrote "the film's ads and trailers tested atrociously", but, "still, abandoning Idiocracy seems particularly unjust, since Judge has made a lot of money for Fox." Despite the film not being screened for critics, the film received positive reviews and a mere box office success. In the U.S., the film was released to DVD in January 2007 and later aired on premium-television, multiplex channels: Cinemax in September 2007 and HBO in January 2008. Since then, it has gained a cult following.
2009–2013: The Goode Family, Extract, and other projects
Judge made his fourth directorial film titled Extract. Shortly after completing Office Space, Judge was already about 40 pages into his follow-up script, set in the world of an extract factory, when he was convinced by his representative team that he needed to shelve that and concentrate on something more commercial. "The only idea that I had that anyone was interested in was what eventually became Idiocracy," says Judge. Over the next several years he focused his energy on developing Idiocracy. But years later, by the time of the film’s release, audiences had decided that Office Space had struck a chord, and they were ready to see Judge return to on-the-job humor and thus the Extract script was given new life. Seeking to keep Extract below the radar of the studio system, Judge and his producers set up a production company, Ternion Productions, and arranged private financing—while partnering with Miramax for domestic distribution of the film. Judge relied heavily on his own personal knowledge of the industrial world to bring the story to life. “I actually worked in a factory a little bit myself,” the director stated. “I hopefully write stuff that is recognizable as the archetypes of this world.” Keeping true to this baseline of reality, "Extract" was shot in a working factory, in this case a water bottling plant south of Los Angeles, in the City of Commerce. He makes an uncredited appearance as Jim, a union organizer. The film premiered on September 4, 2009 and received mixed to positive reviews from critics and was a minor commercial success.
Judge created his third television series, The Goode Family, debuted on ABC and was cancelled after one season. It was confirmed on The Goode Family Facebook page that Comedy Central had picked up the reruns of the series, and was to be evaluated for a chance of being renewed for a second season. Comedy Central first aired the series on January 4, 2010. However, the series was pulled off of the schedule shortly thereafter. On August 8, 2009, ABC Entertainment President Steve McPherson stated that the show, along with Surviving Suburbia, had officially been canceled due to low ratings. In 2010, reruns of The Goode Family aired Monday nights at 10pm on Comedy Central, beginning January 4. It was to be evaluated for new episodes. It departed the network's primetime schedule after four weeks, returning occasionally in low-trafficed timeslots.
In 2012, Judge directed the music video (animation by Titmouse) for country music group Zac Brown Band's "The Wind". In 2013, Judge collaborated with Seth MacFarlane on a mashup episode of Family Guy. In this episode, complete with a Hill-themed opening, Judge reprises his role as Hank Hill. Earlier in 2010 and 2012, Judge played cameos as Hill on two episodes of MacFarlane's The Cleveland Show.
2014–present: Silicon Valley
Judge also created Silicon Valley with King of the Hill executive producers John Altschuler and Dave Krinsky. The HBO comedy is a single-camera live-action sitcom set in Northern California. One of its main themes is the idea that "the people most qualified to succeed are the least capable of handling success". The first season of Silicon Valley was 8 episodes long, and received critical and public acclaim. (Silicon Valley would be renewed for a second season on April 21, 2014, and a third HBO season began airing in April 2016.)
Despite his King of the Hill protagonist Hank Hill being identifiable as a conservative and his The Goode Family being essentially a satire of many liberal precepts, Judge avoids discussing his political leanings. The Goode Family has been described as a conservative show.
In reviewing Idiocracy, Salon stated, "Judge's gimlet eye is so ruthless that at times his politics seem to border on South Park libertarianism." A writer for the libertarian magazine Reason seems to agree, comparing King of the Hill to the anti-authoritarian point of view of South Park and The Simpsons, though he calls the show more populist, noting the disdain King of the Hill seems to have for bureaucrats, professionals, and big-box chains.
Still, Judge denies having political messages in his shows, saying in an IGN interview about King of the Hill:
I try to not let the show get too political. To me, it's more social than political I guess you'd say, because that's funnier. I don't really like political reference humor that much. Although I liked the episode "Hank's Bully" where Hank's talking to the mailman and he says, 'Why would anyone want to lick a stamp that has Bill Clinton on it?' To me that's just like more of a character thing about Hank than it is a political joke or anything. I don't want to do a bunch of stuff about the war, particularly.
In 2013, Judge told Alex Jones that he is against gun control because he feels it is ineffective, but would be "all for it" if he learned otherwise.
|1991||The Honky Problem||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Inbred Jed (voice)||Also did animation and music|
|1992||Frog Baseball||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head, additional voices|
|1992||Peace, Love and Understanding||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head, David Van Driessen, additional voices|
|1993–1997; 2011||Beavis and Butt-Head||Yes||Yes||executive||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head, David Van Driessen, Tom Anderson, Principal McVicker, Coach Buzzcut, additional voices||222 episodes; Also functioned as creator and musical theme composer|
|1993–2002||Saturday Night Live||Yes||Yes||Yes||Milton, Bill, Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||5 episodes|
|1993–2009||Late Show with David Letterman||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||3 episodes|
|1994||Airheads||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)|
|1994||The Head||Yes||Butt-Head (voice)||Episode: "The Head/The Date"|
|1994||Beavis and Butt-Head||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||Video game|
|1995||Beavis and Butt-Head in Virtual Stupidity||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||Video game|
|1996||Beavis and Butt-Head in Calling All Dorks||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||Video game|
|1996||Beavis and Butt-Head in Wiener Takes All||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||Video game|
|1996||Beavis and Butt-Head in Little Thingies||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||Video game|
|1996||Beavis and Butt-Head Do America||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head, David Van Driessen, Tom Anderson, Principal McVicker, additional voices|
|1997–2010||King of the Hill||Yes||executive||Yes||Hank Hill, Jeff Boomhauer, Stuart Dooley, additional voices||259 episodes; Also functioned as creator|
|1997||69th Academy Awards||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||TV Special|
|1997||Space Ghost Coast to Coast||Yes||Himself||Episode: "Sphinx"|
|1997||The Simpsons||Yes||Hank Hill (voice)||Episode: "Bart Star"|
|1997||Beavis and Butt-Head in Screen Wreckers||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||Video game|
|1998||Beavis and Butt-Head: Bunghole in One||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||Video game|
|1999||Beavis and Butt-Head Do U.||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||Video game|
|1999||South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut||Yes||Kenny McCormick unhooded (voice)|
|2001||Celebrity Deathmatch||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||Episode: "Fandemonium II"|
|2001||Spy Kids||Yes||Donnagon Giggles/Donnamight|
|2002||Serving Sara||Yes||Motel manager|
|2002||Spy Kids 2: The Island of Lost Dreams||Yes||Donnagon Giggles|
|2003||Frasier||Yes||Van||Episode: "The Harassed"|
|2003||Spy Kids 3-D: Game Over||Yes||Donnagon Giggles|
|2006||Idiocracy||Yes||Yes||Yes||Also wrote story|
|2006||Jackass Number Two||Yes||Himself||Cameo|
|2006||Aqua Teen Hunger Force||Yes||Aliens (voice)||Episode: "Antenna"|
|2009||The Goode Family||Yes||executive||Yes||Gerald Goode, The Average Guy, additional voices||13 episodes; Also functioned as creator|
|2010||Jackass 3D||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||Cameo|
|2010–2012||The Cleveland Show||Yes||Hank Hill (voice)||2 episodes|
|2011||Jimmy Kimmel Live!||Yes||Beavis, Butt-Head (voice)||2 episodes|
|2012||"The Wind"||Yes||Music video (Zac Brown Band)|
|2013||Family Guy||Yes||Hank Hill (voice)||Episode: "Bigfat"|
|2013||You and Your Fucking Coffee||Yes||Stan||Episode: "Houseguest"|
|2013||R.I.P.D.||Yes||Various Deado Voices|
|2014–present||Silicon Valley||Yes||Yes||executive||Also functioned as creator|
|2016||And Punching the Clown||Yes||Ed|
Awards and nominations
|1994||CableACE Award for Best Comedy Series||Beavis and Butt-Head||Nominated|
|1997||Annie Award for Best Animated Television Production||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|1997||Annie Award for Best Individual Achievement: Voice Acting by a Male Performer in a TV Production||King of the Hill for Hank Hill||Nominated|
|1997||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program||King of the Hill for "Square Peg"||Nominated|
|1997||MTV Movie Award for Best On-Screen Duo||Beavis and Butt-Head Do America for Beavis & Butt-Head||Nominated|
|1997||Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Screen Couple||Beavis and Butt-Head Do America for Beavis & Butt-Head||Nominated|
|1997||Golden Raspberry Award for Worst New Star||Beavis and Butt-Head Do America for Beavis & Butt-Head||Nominated|
|1997||TCA Award for Outstanding Achievement in Comedy||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|1998||Annie Award for Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Primetime or Late Night Television Program||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|1998||Kids' Choice Award for Favorite Cartoon||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|1998||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program||King of the Hill for "Texas City Twister"||Nominated|
|1999||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program||King of the Hill for "And They Call It Bobby Love"||Won|
|1999||Annie Award for Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Television Program||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|2000||Annie Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting by a Male Performer in an Animated Television Production||King of the Hill for Hank Hill||Nominated|
|2001||American Comedy Award for Funniest Television Series - Animated||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|2001||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program||King of the Hill for "Chasing Bobby"||Nominated|
|2002||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program||King of the Hill for "Bobby Goes Nuts"||Nominated|
|2003||GLAAD Media Award for Outstanding Individual Episode||King of the Hill for "My Own Private Rodeo"||Nominated|
|2004||Certificate of Merit (Annie Award)||Won|
|2005||Satellite Award for Outstanding Overall DVD||Office Space||Nominated|
|2005||Teen Choice Award for Choice Animated Show||"Beavis and Butt-Head"||Nominated|
|2006||Teen Choice Award for Choice Animated Show||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|2006||Annie Award for Best Animated Television Production||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|2007||People's Choice Award for Favorite Animated Comedy||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|2008||People's Choice Award for Favorite Animated Comedy||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|2008||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program||King of the Hill for "Death Picks Cotton"||Nominated|
|2008||Annie Award for Best General Audience Animated TV/Broadcast Production||King of the Hill||Nominated|
|2009||Prism Award for Best Comedy Episode||King of the Hill for "Dia-BILL-ic Shock"||Won|
|2009||Winsor McCay Award||Won|
|2012||Teen Choice Award for Choice Animated Series||Beavis and Butt-Head||Nominated|
|2014||Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2014||SXSW Audience Award: Episodic||Silicon Valley||Won|
|2014||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2014||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Comedy Series||Silicon Valley for "Minimum Viable Product"||Nominated|
|2014||AFI Award for TV Program of the Year||Silicon Valley||Won|
|2015||Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2015||Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2015||Writers Guild of America Award for Television: Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2015||Writers Guild of America Award for Television: New Series||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2015||Satellite Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2015||Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Won|
|2015||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2015||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Comedy Series||Silicon Valley for "Sand Hill Shuffle"||Nominated|
|2016||Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2016||Producers Guild of America Award for Outstanding Producer of Episodic Television, Comedy||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2016||Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2016||Writers Guild of America Award for Television: Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2016||Satellite Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy||Silicon Valley||Won|
|2016||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Nominated|
|2016||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Comedy Series||Silicon Valley for "Founder Friendly""||Nominated|
|2016||Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Won|
|2016||Satellite Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy||Silicon Valley||Won|
|2017||Producers Guild of America Award for Outstanding Producer of Episodic Television, Comedy||Silicon Valley||Pending|
|2017||Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Pending|
|2017||Writers Guild of America Award for Television: Comedy Series||Silicon Valley||Pending|